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Diabetes, Thyroid, and Obesity

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Diabetes, Thyroid, and Obesity

Aside from direct factors pertaining to the reproductive system of a female, there are other conditions of the body that affect the fertility in them. This is because the hormones in a female’s body are more intricately connected, with systems more efficiently wired to each other. This is why conditions like Obesity, diabetes, and Hyperthyroidism have an impact, directly, on the fertility of a woman.

Obesity

Obesity is known to be a factor in detrimental influence on various systems of the body, that includes the reproductive health in females as well. There are research studies that point out a deep connection between obsity and infertility, which is why a number of women with obesity also face issues like infertility.

This is owed to the fact that obesity increases the likelihood of menstrual cycle dysfunction and diminished ovarian reserve. Further, obesity also decreases the chances of a woman getting pregnant, be it through natural conception, or through assisted reproduction techniques.

Diabetes

Diabetes is often associated with lower rates of fertility, and a further decreased success rate of conception in women. The reason behind this is that diabetes increases the chances of causing other diseases in women, that directly affect the fertility factors. These diseases include

  • PCOS (especially Type 2 Diabetes)
  • Irregular Menstrual Cycle
  • Absent Periods
  • Premature Ovarian Failure (More risk for Type 1 Diabetes)
  • Uterine Cancer (especially Type 2 Diabetes)
  • Microvascular and cardiovascular complications (More risk for Type 1 Diabetes)

With that said, there are a number of cases where women with diabetes have been able to conceive. This is owed to their efforts to control diabetes and to maintain a healthy body weight.

Hypothyroidism

An underactive Thyroid Gland is known to be a factor in female infertility. The thyroid gland is important to the body as it produces a number of important hormones. Due to the underactive state, these hormones may be produced less in quantity, and thus give rise to problems that may either be infertility or the cause of infertility.

FAQ’s

Q. Is it hard for diabetics to get pregnant?

It is difficult especially if normal weight and diabetes levels are not maintained. Diabetes is known to bring several complications with itself. These may be anything from obesity, cardiovascular diseases, to the conditions of the female reproductive system. But maintaining the right levels can mean an increased likelihood of getting pregnant.

Q. How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?

The baby is connected to the mother with a tube called the placenta, through which it receives the necessary nutrition. Increase in mother’s blood sugar level caused by diabetes can increase the weight of the baby at the time of the birth, or cause birthing issues.

Q. Can having a thyroid problem affect pregnancy?

Yes, a problem in the thyroid that causes it to be underactive can be a factor in not only getting pregnant, but even during pregnancy as well. The thyroid hormones are important for the development of the brain of the baby. The worst case scenario of Hypothyroidism can be miscarriage.

Q. Does hypothyroidism transfer from mother to baby?

Hypothyroidism is not a condition that is transferred from a person to another person. With that said, problems of the thyroid are not transferred from the mother to the baby.

Q. Can an obese woman lose weight while pregnant?

Yes she can. However, the process of losing weight while being pregnant is a meticulous one and needs utmost care to be taken. A small complication can lead to severe effects later in the pregnancy. She must how much weight she needs to shed and what to do. For more information on weight loss during pregnancy, get in touch with one of our experts. Book an appointment today.