Testicular Sperm Aspiration or TESA is a sperm retrieval procedure used to treat issues of male infertility and to provide couples with novel assisted reproductive techniques like IVF-ICSI and IUI. It is a needle aspiration of the testes performed in order to find sperm directly and is especially used for men facing problems like obstructive Azoospermia, or the absence of sperm in the ejaculate.
The sperm retrieved through this procedure is then either preserved for later use or can be used in a current IVF-ICSI cycle. While the procedure can be and is used for both, obstructive and non-obstructive Azoospermia, the chances of Success of TESA are higher in obstructive Azoospermia.
For couples who are facing problems in natural conception owing factors of male infertility, TESA is a great way of fulfilling the dream of parenthood.
Q. Is TESA painful?
With needle aspiration procedures, there is generally some minor pain and swelling in the area, which fades away in a rather short span of time.
Q. How successful is TESA?
Sperm extraction through TESA has a really high rate of success. The general figure stands at above 80%, with some research studies also reporting a 100% success rate for sperm extraction.
Q. Can azoospermia cure itself?
Azoospermia is the condition where there are no sperms in the ejaculate of a male. It is generally of 2 types. Obstructive and Non-Obstructive Azoospermia, none of which are curable on their own. However, there are simple and non-obstructive surgical procedures that can be performed to either cure the condition, or assist in conception through artificial methods.